Assinada por Tom Phillips e Anna Jean Kaiser, a reportagem do jornal inglês The Guardian aponta os escândalos do governo Bolsonaro no primeiro mês, iniciando a matéria com o rompimento da barragem da Vale, em Brumadinho-MG.
Segundo o jornal, Bolsonaro marca seu primeiro mês como presidente nesta sexta-feira (1) – um aniversário ofuscado por um desastre de mineração que já matou pelo menos 99 pessoas e deixou 259 pessoas desaparecidas – os números ainda são incertos.
“Cheira a sujeira”, disse o ativista de direita Guto Zacarias, na semana passada, depois da estreia internacional de Bolsonaro no Fórum Econômico Mundial, em Davos, foi ofuscada por um escândalo que ligava seu filho a um grupo de extermínio do Rio de Janeiro.
O The Guardian traça o perfil de Bolsonaro.
Ele é um nacionalista de extrema direita conhecido por sua hostilidade às minorias e seu afeto pelo regime autoritário. Venceu as eleições com promessas de acabar com a corrupção.
Entreinamento, relata a reportagem, em meados de dezembro, surgiram dúvidas sobre as transações financeiras de seu filho mais velho, Flávio Bolsonaro, senador recém-eleito, em meio a crescentes denúncias de que ele havia se envolvido em uma prática ilegal conhecida como rachadinha pela qual os políticos desviam parte dos salários dos assessores.
Ainda de acordo com a publicação, na semana passada, o enredo ficou mais pesado quando o jornal brasileiro O Globo alegou que Flávio Bolsonaro havia empregado a mãe e a esposa de um suposto líder de uma milícia cujo grupo é suspeita de envolvimento no assassinato da vereadora Marielle Franco, no ano passado.
O homem que afirma ter recomendado as mulheres para esses empregos? Fabrício Queiroz, antigo amigo do presidente do Brasil.
Enquanto os brasileiros digeriam o último capítulo de um escândalo que alguns agora chamam de “Bolsogate”, um comentarista brasileiro escreveu: “Os esqueletos da família presidencial… parecem estar enterrados em uma cova rasa”.
Confira abaixo a matéria original.
“The mood is of immeasurable satisfaction,” the diehard 28-year-old bolsonarista gushed this week.
“It is wonderful to be able to count on the government, to be able to believe that politics can change, that politics can be more honest, that we can trust [our leaders],” Sambugaro continued, heaping praise on Bolsonaro’s early relaxation of gun laws and vow to eradicate corruption.
“The contentment Brazilians are feeling is just gigantic, thank God.”
But as Bolsonaro marks his first month as president on Friday – an anniversary overshadowed by a mining disaster that has claimed at least 99 lives and left 259 people missing – not everyone is so sure.
Bolsonaro built his populist assault on the presidency on a Trumpian pledge to drain its political swamp after the worst corruption scandal in its history.
His appointment as justice minister of the corruption-busting celebrity judgeresponsible for jailing the former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva enraged Brazil’s left but thrilled many citizens desperate to halt the thieving of public money.
In his inaugural address, Bolsonaro promised to lead an anti-sleaze crusade that would forever free his homeland “from the yoke of corruption”.
But already those vows are starting to look shaky as suspicions of political shenanigans and ties to organised crime hover over one of Bolsonaro’s politician sons – and some supporters begin to fret over their leader’s disorderly opening act in power.
“I have about 60% confidence in them. I’m definitely wary,” said Verena Schultze, an anti-corruption campaigner and one of the 57.8 million Brazilians who propelled the former paratrooper to victory. “Bolsonaro is not new on the political scene – he’s been around for some 30 years. And we know how old politics work in Brazil. So I have my doubts.”
Bolsonaro, a far-right nationalist known for his hostility to minorities and his affection for authoritarian rule, swept to power last October with a huge mandate from voters to do away with the old.
His election was a stunning rebuke to Brazil’s left, which had governed for 14 years between 2002-16 and – for all the social advances it oversaw – is widely blamed for leading the country into economic calamity and a cauldron of corruption. In a jubilant victory address Bolsonaro vowed “to change the destiny of Brazil”.
But even before he took office on 1 January the first whiff of scandal was in the air.
In mid-December, questions emerged over the financial dealings of his eldest son, Flávio Bolsonaro, a recently elected senator, amid mounting allegations he had engaged in an illegal, tithe-like practice known as the rachadinha by which politicians siphon off part of their employees’ wages.
The man who claims to have recommended the women for those jobs? Fabrício Queiroz, a longstanding friend of Brazil’s president.
As Brazilians digested the latest chapter of a scandal some now call “Bolsogate”, one Brazilian commentator wrote: “The presidential family’s skeletons … seem to be buried in a shallow grave.”
The potential severity of the scandal is such that, just days into Bolsonaro’s presidency, one prominent rightwing site pondering whether Bolsonaro might have to be replaced by his vice-president, Hamilton Mourão.
Brazil’s president has sought to distance himself from the affair while simultaneously defending his son. “It is not fair to target a boy … in order to try and affect me,” he said.
Flávio Bolsonaro has denied wrongdoing, claiming he was the victim of a leftwing witch hunt designed to hurt his father.
But while Bolsonaro’s approval ratings and consumer confidence both remain high, experts say the damage has already been done.
Celso Rocha de Barros, a columnist from the Folha de São Paulo newspaper, was more damning.
“It’s difficult to remember a Brazilian government that has gotten off to such a bad start … It’s hard to find anybody who manages to defend what has happened in this first month – unless they are paid to do so.”
Bolsonaro’s opening act has also been blighted by the collapse of a mining dam near the south-east city of Brumadinho. Hundreds of bodies remain lost under the flood of mining waste, and five people have been arrested in the ongoing investigation.
The dam catastrophe has raised further questions over the president’s controversial plans for environmental deregulation: Bolsonaro has attacked environment agencies for holding up development with what he describes as excessive licensing requirements and has advocated freeing up mining in protected indigenous reserves.
Pereira said it was far from the “triumphant start” Bolsonaro had desired.
For all the criticism which has appalled and delighted Bolsonaro opponents in equal measure – many are sticking by their man.
“He’s done a great job so far,” insisted Ana de Moraes, 56, a retired lawyer from Rio de Janeiro whose only regret was that the rightwing rabble-rouser had appeared to have toned down his incendiary rhetoric since taking power.
“I almost miss the Bolsonaro who would tell it like it is and say whatever he thought,” Moraes said, adding: “I’m not worried. I am 100% behind this government. I’m already in the campaign for 2022.”
Bolsonaro has faced troubles abroad as well as at home: his decision to appoint a pro-Donald Trump foreign minister who claims climate change is a Marxist plot has raised eyebrows.
Bolsonaro’s appearance at Davos – during which he cancelled a meeting with the press and gave a short and shallow speech to the world’s business elite – was widely panned as a debacle.
The Estadão de São Paulo newspaper called his international coming out “an unprecedented fiasco”.
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